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1. [Natural Language] (
  • The branch of science concerned with classification, especially of organisms; systematics.
  • The classification of something, especially organisms.
  • (count noun) A scheme of classification.

2. A representational artifact taking the form of a graph with nodes representing kinds of things (universals) and edges representing subtype or subclass (is-a) relations among these types of things. The most familiar kind of taxonomy is the classification of living things: domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. [ Arp et al., 2015 ]